More Updates on My Plan to Take Over the World

Dear Teachers,

I’m coming to the end of another class for that Master’s program I’ve been plugging away at; in just a few days the current class will be over and I will be exactly halfway through the degree plan, with 6 classes down and 6 to go. This class has been “Digital Learning in Local and Global Contexts,” and we’ve been looking at technology initiatives around the globe, how and why they have been successful (or not), and what we can learn from previous initiatives. My plan to take over the world was formerly titled Digital Literacy through Student-Created Content; I am working with teachers, librarians, and students to develop a website of student-created artifacts that will explain how to accomplish basic digital tasks and understand basic digital literacy concepts. I have updated the plan title slightly to Digital Fluency through Student-Created Content, as it really is more fluency that we want for our students, rather than just the basics of literacy. The current class has encouraged us to look to other initiatives to see what can be learned from others’ successes and failures.

One of the main things to be learned from unsuccessful technology implementation attempts is that they are almost never failures of technology; they fail because of poor planning, lack of vision, lack of teacher professional learning, or some other combination of deficits in communication, management, or leadership.  One example of this failure was the LA Unified School District’s now-famous iPad debacle. Lessons learned: be sure your new technology idea is a good fit; start small; do lots of professional development; and communicate, communicate, communicate!

Elements of my innovation plan align almost exactly with Haddad’s Analytical Review of ICTs (Information Communication Technologies) for Education (2007); these are the things that can enhance educational objectives. So my idea doesn’t replace anything, but it does have the potential to:

Expand educational opportunities by allowing students to teach by creating the content and to learn from peers, from any location at any time, and to participate in an appropriate online community
Increase efficiency by providing a safe place for teachers to direct their students who need to learn a digital skill quickly
Enhance the quality of learning by allowing students to learn in other ways, from more people than just their classroom teacher
Enhance the quality of teaching by allowing students to serve as mentors for others (especially in the cases of “tech timid” teachers who may not know these digital skills themselves)
Facilitate skill formation by teaching specific skills in student-centered, student-developed language
Sustain lifelong learning by allowing students to learn a particular skill at a particular time, and to know that they can contribute to the learning landscape as well;
Advance community linkages by allowing access for parents, grandparents, and other community members to also learn from the student-created work

From time to time, I have doubts about my innovation plan; I wonder if such a website is even necessary. But just five minutes ago, checking Facebook, I got confirmation that it isn’t just me who thinks kids are lacking in digital skills. This post is from a librarians’ group I’m in:


This post really confirmed for me that my plan has merit.  My hope is that students themselves can be part of the solution to the problem of gaps in digital literacy by contributing to a site that will teach these skills. The student content creators will gain additional understanding of the skills themselves (because we all know that you learn something better when you teach it) as well as presentation skills and the pride and empowerment of helping others learn something that could be very useful. They also get experience in making positive contributions to an online community. And anyone who uses the site will have the experience of learning from a student, because #kidscanteachus. Another recent literature review also confirmed to me that the myth of the “digital native” is alive and well, and is just that: a myth.

We seem to be on track to achieving the goal of 125 pieces of content on the site by May 2017, as outlined in this infographic:

At this point the major update I’ll be making to my plan includes a professional development piece that will need to commence at the beginning of the upcoming school year; teachers will need to be aware of the CLICK website  and be given suggestions for using the site with their students. It is my hope that once the site gets more well-known, that more students will independently want to participate in its development, so I’ll also need an easy way for students to submit content without having to go through a teacher intermediary. I’ll also want to build in some kind of a feedback loop once the site is up and running. I need a way to determine if the site is useful to both students and teachers, and why or why not. Soliciting suggestions on additional types of content that would be beneficial could also be built in to this feedback form.

I need to get a couple more parent permission forms on file, and then I’m looking forward to unveiling our new CLICK site, helping students to Collaborate-Learn-Instruct-Create-Know. It’s looking great, and I can’t wait to show you how it’s shaping up!



Haddad, W. D. (2007). ICTs for Education. A Reference Handbook. Part 2. Retrieved from

Reflections on the Digital Citizenship Summit

Dear Teachers,

Yesterday was a day I hope to remember for a long time. I had the extreme privilege of attending and speaking on a panel at the 2nd annual Digital Citizenship Summit and want to do some reflecting on that event while it’s all fresh in my mind.

The Summit took place at Twitter Headquarters and was moderated by CNN’s Kelly Wallace. This year’s summit coincided with Media Literacy Week and was co-sponsored by NAMLE. Before reading any farther, take a second to take the Media Literacy pledge (because face it, we could all do a little better about thinking critically about the things we view and post, right?):


So, back to the Summit. Over 50 speakers chimed in over the course of the day. Each of the featured speakers was introduced with their “6-Word Biography” which is an interesting thing to think about (the one I just came up with for myself is “Passionate advocate for #digcit and #diglit”). There were three student speakers – and of course they stole the show. If you want to follow some great kids on Twitter, ones who will com

-Olivia van Ledjte

pletely give you faith that we have reasons to hope for a better world, start with Curran Dee and Olivia van Ledtje. Timmy Sullivan was the other student speaker; he’s now a college student so doesn’t technically qualify as a “kid” anymore, but he’s got quite a social media presence.

The day was very well-organized, with groups of single speakers interspersed with panel discussions. I got to hear first-hand from many of the “Twitterati” of the #digcit world. Meeting in person people I’ve followed for a long time was definitely a high point. Diana Graber, Matt Murrie,  Sarah Thomas, Jennifer Casa-Todd, Nick Provenzano, and Kristin Ziemke are all as smart and engaging in person as their Twitter profiles led me to believe. And I finally got to meet the amazing energizer bunny of the #digcit community, Marialice Curran (my #digcit idol/heroine/superhero/etc). Meeting David Ryan Polgar and Kristen Mattson for the first time, and seeing Mike Ribble and Jason Ohler again after meeting them at ISTE last summer, was icing on the cake. There were participants from Canada, Spain, Ireland, and Australia. It seemed like a big dang deal, y’all.

There was no one in the room who was opposed to the idea of creating better digital citizens, of course, so there wasn’t anything close to a debate about the subject. But I was so pumped to hear from people who might have a different approach to the issue, and to participate in widening my own perspective on the subject.

A few ideas/highlights I hope to remember, in no particular order:

Curran Dee: Talk about digital citizenship the way you would talk about sportsmanship.
Olivia van Ledtje: Why aren’t there any girls featured on Shark Week?
Jason Ohler: Every technology both connects and disconnects us.
Nick Provenzano: “When I was a kid…” talk doesn’t do anything to further the cause of good digital citizenship.
Kristin Ziemke: Let’s move from a model of one teacher and 33 students to one that is 34 teachers and 34 learners.
Jocelyn Brewer: Think of digital media use in ways similar to your diet: Be sure to get protein (PLAY), Vitamin C (Creativity), and Vitamin E (Empathy)
Tiffany Shlain: People are hungry for a conversation about how to be a good person in the world, and what character means today.
Dr. Kristen Mattson: We need to give our kids opportunities to be in mentor relationships with teachers.
Sr. Nancy Usselman: Help children & teens to see their own human dignity and that of others.
Carrie Rogers Whitehead: Consider developmental issues when helping kids to understand issues of digital citizenship. This can be challenging because kids may encounter topics on the Internet that are beyond their developmental ability to grasp.
Dr. Michelle Drouin: Rather than thinking in terms of a digital footprint (which can be washed away) or a digital tattoo (which is truly indelible), consider thinking in terms of a digital billboard: it’s BIG, and it can be changed.
Kayla Delzer: Teach your students the proper use of technology and you set them up for a lifetime of success.

Additional takeaways:

Jason Ohler

Students MUST be a part of the conversation. As I’ve heard Jason Ohler say before, students will either game the system or frame the system. We heard from people who in the past made faulty assumptions about what students are actually doing with technology, without bothering to ask the students themselves. Once students are actively engaged in decisions about technology use, they are much more likely to monitor themselves and to rise to being the kinds of digital citizens we all hope for.

Focusing on positive uses of social media and the Internet is far superior and leads to better results than blocking use or using fear/scare tactics.

-Timmy Sullivan

We heard this from repeatedly from all participants, who included educators, policy makers, an actress and a PR specialist. All agree that shining a light on the positive aspects of social media are far more effective in developing good digital citizenship habits. We can’t bury our heads in the sand and pretend that negativity doesn’t exist, because of course it does – but continually demonstrating the positive uses of social media normalizes that kind of use.

Mentoring students into positive digital citizenship habits should be a priority for all teachers. It seems rather obvious, but you can’t teach kids how to behave on social media without using social media to teach kids how to behave on it. Doing “analog Twitter walls” with sticky notes on the walls of your classroom might give kids a little bit of practice in the art before going live, but they don’t get the full impact of the global audience when their tweets stay inside their own classroom. Teachers are depriving their kids of interacting with classrooms around the world when they don’t actively seek out ways for their students to become connected.

Take advantage of your classroom’s social media use as an opportunity to teach and involve parents in the digital citizenship conversation. Parents often don’t understand social media or know how it can be used for educational purposes, and they may be leery of letting their students use it. However, once you communicate to parents what their students will be learning and how you will be actively monitoring and coaching its use, it’s a pretty sure bet they will be grateful for the support in teaching their kids how to be online safely & appropriately.

A few things I hope to see in the future:

I’d like to get a better “elevator speech” for the answer to the question, “What is digital citizenship?” Yes, it’s the safe, savvy, and ethical use of ICT and the Internet. Yes, it’s the norms of appropriate, responsible behavior with regard to technology use. Yes, it involves the nine elements originally identified by Mike Ribble. But when my taxi driver asked about the conference I was attending, I didn’t feel like I adequately conveyed the full meaning of the concept. Thoughts on what we can do with this elusive mouthful?

I really hope to expand the conversation about digital equity and how equity issues relate to and affect digital citizenship. If students don’t have access, they can’t be fully participating digital citizens. It’s a civil rights issue, and we need to carefully consider what it means to any population to not have the same levels of access as other groups. If we truly believe in equity – digital or otherwise – as a fundamental right, then we need to act accordingly and intentionally.

With a few exceptions, the crowd was overwhelmingly upper middle class and white. I would like to see proactive efforts to include more people of color in the #digcit conversation. And while we’re at it, let’s bring the LGBT voice, the differing-abilities voice, the lower socioeconomic voice (see above) and the voices of other potentially disenfranchised groups to the conversation, too. Citizenship involves democratizing opportunity, so if we are who we say we are, let’s save a chair at the table for everyone. I’d also like to see more students and more parents attend.


It would be great to have time for participants to create some kind of action plan: “Based on this new knowledge, the thing I’m going to do differently starting Monday morning is…” It was a jam-packed day, but adding in a little time at the end for reflection and planning might help to solidify concepts and resolve.

Next year, the Summit will be held in Utah, and October should be a beautiful time to visit there. The number of stakeholders involved in discussions about digital citizenship seems to be growing exponentially, and it’s exciting to think about how big next year’s Summit might be. Hopefully I’ll still be a part of the conversation. What are you doing for citizenship – digital and otherwise – today? And what’s YOUR 6-word biography? I’d love to hear.





A Couple of PSAs for Digital Literacy

Dear Teachers,

This week I’ve created a couple of presentations to gain support for my plan to take over the world to improve digital literacy through student-created content. Those of you who have been paying even a tiny bit of attention to me know that I am quite passionate about this topic, and the more I research and the more I talk to teachers, the more convinced I am that I might be on to something with my crazy idea to have students develop content that will help others develop digital literacy.

The past couple of weeks in my current class, we’ve been learning about education initiatives here and abroad, particularly those that haven’t gone so well. It’s been interesting to learn that a lack of planning and vision have been the culprits in technology failures, not the technology itself. Although I haven’t been able to find too many plans that mirror what I’m hoping to do, the research I’ve done so far certainly backs up the need for such a project. Both of the presentations I’ve created this week are similar in content. The top one is a presentation that I would use if I were presenting live to an audience (for example, to our school board or curriculum coordinators). The script for the slide show is linked below the presentation.

The second presentation is a video that I made using Adobe Spark. It’s always great to have a purpose for learning a new tool, and I am HOOKED on Adobe Spark now, btw – thanks to classmate Chad for suggesting it! I can use this second presentation video to send to teachers who might be interested in participating, or to parents who want to know more about my idea for how CLICK will help improve students’ digital literacy skills, or really to anyone who just wants a three minute overview of what I’m hoping to accomplish. It’s nice to have had the opportunity to put these two different presentations together, because I hope to be publicizing and gaining support for my plan.

Script and Reference List for Slide show

Got any comments or feedback for me regarding these presentations? I’d love to hear your suggestions.

I hope your October has been going well. It’s hard to believe that the holidays are just around the corner – where has this year gone?

As always, I am yours very fondly,




Keys to Creating Significant Learning Environments

Dear Teachers,

This week I’m wrapping up everything I’ve learned in the “Creating Significant Learning Environments” class that I’ve been in the past month or so. It’s been a great class, and I want to share with you what I’ve learned.

I. A Growth Mindset

Most of us know someone who has at some point said, “You know, I’m just not very good at math.” I KNOW that that statement does not convey a growth mindset. I KNOW that people who say that, likely had a bad experience with a math teacher or were taught math in a way that didn’t work for them. I KNOW that I would never let someone get away with saying, “You know, I’m just not very good at computers.” (I’ve even written about that mentality in the past here.) So I’m a little embarrassed to admit this to you, but I still view myself as someone who is Not Good at Math. I try to fight that perception, but it’s there.

My mother married my stepfather when I was 13. My stepfather was a math professor at a local university, and I was just starting 8th grade Algebra. I was a kid for whom learning (read: good grades) had come very easily when I was in elementary school, and to say I didn’t know how to deal with it when math became challenging is a huge understatement. I was awash in my own feelings of failure about math, and also in my own desire to please the new stepfather, who I was quite sure wouldn’t like me anymore when he realized how fundamentally DUMB I was. Clearly, I could have used a dose of the growth mindset way of thinking, and of the power of the word yet – but if anyone thought about those things in the early ‘70’s, they didn’t trickle down to my neck of the woods.

“Yet” is such a simple but profound word. Yet communicates faith that learning can and will take place. Yet is full of possibility! If anyone had just said to me, “You don’t understand algebra yet,” that could totally have changed my own view of my mathematical abilities. (Years later in a Child Development class, I learned that the Piagetian view of abstract thinking kicks in at around age 12-14. I’ve wondered if I had waited a year to start Algebra, whether my opinion of my math skills would be far more positive than it is today.)

I’ve certainly grown up a lot in the multiple decades since my math self-esteem began its rather hasty descent, but I still fall into the old fixed mindset habit from time to time. According to Carol Dweck, there are four steps to changing a mindset. The first, recognizing the fixed mindset voice, encourages us to simply be aware when we are engaging in self-talk that perpetuates the “you can’t do algebra” kind of voice. The second step is acknowledging the choice we have in how we view setbacks or perceived failures. Third, talking back to the “fixed mindset” voice with alternative narratives can combat its sway. Finally, take the growth mindset action: the one that adds the word yet, the one that encourages learning from a setback and trying again, and the one that accepts responsibility and takes action. This kind of mindset also encourages asking a question that became my favorite from a previous course’s readings, “What am I pretending not to know about my role in this situation? ” (Patterson et. al., 2011) – a very powerful and profound way of owning our own responsibility in pretty much any situation.

Applying these four steps to developing a growth mindset to my innovation plan for improving digital literacy through student-created content, I want students to be aware of the power of yet both when they are creating their own videos and when they are viewing others’. As they are creating content, it’s not likely that their first attempts will be their best, so teachers will need to encourage their students’ efforts and help them think through what would make their creations better. And as end users, students likely won’t be able to use every tech tip right away; they’ll need to pick and choose which content would be most helpful to them and come back to the site if they need a refresher on how to do something.

Developing a website of student-created content for the benefit of others is a completely new endeavor, and getting if off the ground isn’t easy (I just got a vision in my mind of the Wright brothers’ early flight attempts). I have just received attorney approval for the project, along with a quite lengthy and dense lawyer-generated release form that sounds to me like its purpose is to actively discourage parents from allowing their students to participate in the project. I’ve gotten some feedback from parents (ones who haven’t even seen the permission form!) who indicate they wouldn’t want their kids spending time on content creation either during class or after school. They don’t see the value in the project or the benefit to their own kids and wouldn’t want either instructional time or homework time “wasted.” Yet.

I remain undaunted. Okay, maybe I’m a little daunted. But my own growth mindset is keeping me optimistically forging ahead, confidently believing in that beautiful little word yet and focusing on the wonderful group of teachers who are already working to help me realize this crazy dream of mine. I hope I have conveyed adequately to each of you who are invested in this plan how very much I appreciate you all and your own belief in its merit. It will be a beautiful thing when we reach the yet.

II. A New Culture of Learning

I briefly reviewed The New Culture of Learning  by Douglas Thomas and John Seely Brown. The main points struck me as rather profound: “(1) The old ways of learning are unable to keep up with our rapidly changing world. (2) New media forms are making peer-to-peer learning easier and more natural. (3) Peer-to-peer learning is amplified by emerging technologies that shape the collective nature of participation with those new media (location 577).” We live in an age where information is easy to come by, and it’s the evaluation and use of that information that is so much more important than any one disparate fact. And things change daily! Updating my phone or just accessing a social media site always reminds me how very quickly things can change, and that I shouldn’t get too attached to any one user interface. Peer-to-peer learning is at the heart of my innovation plan for improved digital literacy through student-created content, and it’s exciting to see that concept validated in Thomas & Brown’s work.

III. My Learning Philosophy

The basic points of my learning philosophy, outlined in more detail here, are:

The person doing the work is the person doing the learning. All learners must be willing to ask the questions, do the work of learning, have the requisite mindset, and be willing to grow and change. The “work” of learning must be firmly in the learner’s own hands.
Learning is a social endeavor. Learners who talk things out and work things out together cement learning in ways they could never do on their own. Collaboration always leads to better results than solitary brilliance.
Deeper learning occurs when learners have opportunity for reflection. Reflection is a huge part of developing a growth mindset, thinking through what one has learned, and goals for future learning.
Learning should involve choice, ownership, voice, and authority. Giving the students the opportunity, within certain parameters, to choose how they will demonstrate their learning empowers learners.
Teaching and learning is a partnership based on relationships. I have always believed that the foundation of any good teaching has to start with relationships. Good pedagogy and a solid curriculum can’t be ignored, of course, but at the end of the day, most people probably remember more about how a teacher made them feel than any particular things they learned.
In the information age, no one can know everything. Everyone has a piece of the information puzzle, and this collage of knowing presents opportunities for anyone to learn from anyone else, anywhere. I’m as likely to learn something new from my grandkids as I am to learn from a colleague or a professor.

IV. BHAGs and Fink’s 3-Column Table

At the same time that students are busy creating content for a website, I also want to have a course in digital literacy and digital citizenship for the grownups in our district. As I thought about what this course could look like, I considered how significant learning experiences can be planned with the help of backward design principles that keep the focus on the end goal. So I used Fink’s taxonomy to plan out what a course would for adults would look like and created a Big Hairy Audacious Goal. My BHAG for a course on digital literacy and digital citizenship for the teachers in my district is that Learners will be equipped with tools to improve their own digital literacy and digital citizenship, and will create authentic opportunities for their students to develop positive digital habits. Even though I just kind of doubled my own work load on the whole digital citizenship thing by adding this component to my innovation plan, I’m very excited about how all the pieces are coming together. We NEEEEED to get everyone on board about digital literacy and digital citizenship, y’all. Like, yesterday.

V. Understanding by Design

Another way to plan significant learning experiences for a digital citizenship course from a backward design perspective is by using Wiggins and McTighe’s Understanding by Design framework. The same overarching goal (the BHAG above) applied in my UbD plan. I’ve always liked UbD for its emphasis on transfer goals, because if a learner can apply something learned to a new situation, then that is certainly a growth mindset in action! My wheels are turning, thinking about how I can use both Fink’s taxonomy and the UbD framework to design a course for which teachers could receive professional learning credit.

I continue to think about what it really means to create significant learning environments, both for my particular passion project and just in general. My growing understanding of significant learning environments today includes having a mindset full of possibility and the word yet; encouraging students to learn from one another and to use all available resources to access new information; and planning thoughtfully, with the end results and goals in mind. But mostly it means focusing on the learners and on their needs to work for and own their own learning, to discuss and reflect on their learning, and to give them a voice in how they express that learning. Imagine what the world of education could look like if every teacher in every classroom tried to create learning environments like that!



Patterson, K., Grenny, J., McMillan, R., & Switzler, A. (2011). Crucial conversations. McGraw-Hill.
Thomas, D., & Brown, J.S. (2011). The New Culture of Learning. CreateSpace Independent Publishing.

Digital Literacy & Digital Citizenship: By Design

Dear Teachers,

This week’s topic for that grad program I keep writing about is “Creating Significant Learning Plans,” and I’m back in at least somewhat familiar territory. My district has been using Wiggins & McTighe’s Understanding by Design (2005) model of curriculum design for several years, so this week’s assignment to use UbD to plan a course was not a completely foreign topic to me. One part of UbD that was new information, was the “WHERETO” acronym, as that one hasn’t made an appearance – or at least an appearance that I’ve paid attention to – in the documents we use in-house. As a means of outlining a learning plan, “WHERETO” is a pretty useful mnemonic, as it reminds the user to keep the “where are you going” part in mind as you’re planning learning experiences. WHERETO stands for:

W – Where the unit is going and What to expect
H – Hook the students and Hold their interest
E – Equip students, help them Experience the key ideas and Explore the issues
R – Opportunities to Rethink and Revise their understanding
E – Allow students to Evaluate their work
T – Be Tailored to the different needs, interests, and abilities of learners
O – Be Organized to maximize initial and sustained engagement and effective learning


For those of you unfamiliar with Understanding by Design, it is a “backwards design” model, much like Fink’s 3-column table model I described in last week’s post, where the planning is done by thinking of the end goals that a person wants to accomplish. “Begin with the end in mind” is the key to effective lesson design, so UbD  always starts with identifying the desired results.


In Fink’s model, I looked at the learning goals that would help achieve the big, hairy, audacious goal (BHAG) of the course. Each learning goal – foundational, application, integration, etc. – serves as a building block to reach that ultimate BHAG. My goal is the same this week (whether or not I call it a BHAG): it’s that “Learners will be equipped with tools to improve their own digital literacy and digital citizenship, and will create authentic opportunities for their students to develop positive online habits.” Established goals that support the overall course purpose are selected ISTE Standards. There are several things about UbD that I prefer to Fink’s, and perhaps it’s just because I’m so much more familiar with UbD, but I do like the fact that the established goals or standards make it clear that the purpose is seen as beneficial by more entities than just whoever is writing up the plan. When I use ISTE Standards as the established goals, that seems to lend some credibility to why I’m even writing the plan in the first place.

I like Fink’s model for its simplicity; its style is something my very linear brain appreciates. However, I like UbD for its emphasis on Essential Questions; those questions keep the focus on inquiry as opposed to just giving students factual information. I also like UbD for the emphasis on transfer tasks, so that we don’t get focused on just facts or “stuff.” Transfer goals help students to independently apply their learning in other situations, rather than just regurgitating information that matters only to one set of circumstances.

I actually love having had the opportunity to think through a course that will address my twin favorite topics of digital literacy and digital citizenship, and I’m very hopeful that I can work with our wonderful new Professional Learning Department to implement the course. Both Fink’s and UbD have given me some great ideas for structure for the course. Getting this course set up on a platform for teachers to utilize and make meaningful connections to their own goals (T-TESS and otherwise) will be my next goal – and the rumor is, one of my next grad school courses will help me do just that!

For today, the Understanding by Design plan for my course looks like this:

Course Title: Understanding and Teaching Digital Literacy and Digital Citizenship

Course Goal: Learners will be equipped with tools to improve their own digital literacy and digital citizenship and will create authentic opportunities for their students to develop positive online habits.


Stage 1 – Desired Results

Established goals

ISTE Teacher Standards

3. Model digital age work and learning: Teachers exhibit knowledge, skills, and work processes representative of an innovative professional in a global and digital society.

a. Demonstrate fluency in technology systems and the transfer of current knowledge to new technologies and situations

d. Model and facilitate effective use of current and emerging digital tools to locate, analyze, evaluate, and use information resources to support research and learning


4. Promote and model digital citizenship and responsibility: Teachers understand local and global societal issues and responsibilities in an evolving digital culture and exhibit legal and ethical behavior in their professional practices.

a. Advocate, model, and teach safe, legal, and ethical use of digital information and technology, including respect for copyright, intellectual property, and the appropriate documentation of sources

c. Promote and model digital etiquette and responsible social interactions related to the use of technology and information


Students will understand that…

Digital literacy is a form of literacy that is as important to today’s students as traditional literacies.

“Digital literacy” involves many principles, including but not limited to technology skills

Digital citizenship is a component of a person’s overall citizenship

Digital citizenship involves more than just “not cyberbullying”


Essential Questions

What does it mean to be “digitally literate”?

Why is it important to understand and to teach digital citizenship?

How are digital literacy and digital citizenship related?

How are digital literacy and digital citizenship best taught?

How are empathy and digital citizenship related?

Students will know…

The reasons why digital citizenship and digital literacy are crucial components of a student’s digital-age education

The best ways to incorporate digital literacy and digital citizenship education into their curricula


Students will be able to…

Identify areas in their curriculum where they can naturally address digital literacy and digital citizenship.

Embed digital citizenship and digital literacy skills in what they are teaching already

Create their own positive digital profile

Guide their students in creating positive digital profiles

Stage 2 – Assessment Evidence

Performance tasks

Students will:

Explain how they will use specific places in their curriculum content to explicitly address digital literacy or digital citizenship

Develop areas where their own students can “do” digital citizenship by practicing positive contributions to online discussions, creating a positive online presence, using social media for an authentic cause, or other means of contributing something positive to the digital landscape

Demonstrate their own competency in digital literacy and digital citizenship by using Twitter, Facebook, or other social media tool to communicate what they are learning


Other evidence

Students will:

Reflect on their own digital literacy and digital citizenship, and make plans for improvement where needed

Reflect on the impact to their students of embedding digital literacy and digital citizenship instruction in what they are already doing in their classrooms


Stage 3 – Learning Plan

Learning Activities:

  1. Ask learners to reflect on specific instances/consequences of their own and others’ good and poor digital citizenship/literacy to hook students into considering the importance of good digital habits H

  2. Introduce the Essential Questions and explain the performance tasks W

  3. Learners read and discuss relevant articles, blog posts, and studies about digital literacy and digital citizenship. Learners reflect on their reading through blog posts or other social media E

  4. Learners will research and review different approaches to teaching digital literacy & digital citizenship (i.e. signing pledges; fear-based programs; only certain subject areas should “own” digital citizenship; listening to a guest speaker or attending an assembly; hosting “digital citizenship week,” effectiveness of one-shot lessons; various packaged curricula) E R

  5. Learners will evaluate the pluses and minuses of each of the above ways of teaching digital citizenship E R E-2

  6. Learners will identify places in their curriculum that would be natural opportunities for their students to learn about digital literacy and digital citizenship R T O

  7. Learners will reflect on how empathy is a key component of digital citizenship. E R T

  8. Learners will post final reflections about where digital literacy and digital citizenship can be seamlessly embedded into the learning that is already taking place in their classrooms, and their personal goals for including digital citizenship and digital literacy instruction in their curriculum E-2 T O


Hope you’re all having a lovely weekend and are thinking as hard about digital literacy and digital citizenship as I am. 😉




Fink, L.D. (2003). A self-directed guide to designing courses for significant learning. Retrieved from

Wiggins, G. & McTighe, J. (2005). Understanding by design, 2nd ed. ASCD

This Week’s Struggle: the BHAG

Dear Teachers,
Remember last week when I wrote that “the person doing the work is the person doing the learning”? Well, I’ve apparently been doing a LOT of learning this week, as I once again have faced a challenging grad school topic. This blog has become my outlet for reflecting on All Things Grad School. I love the program, and love what I’m learning in the program. At the same time, I have struggled mightily with many of the assignments, and continue to be stretched and challenged in ways that often make me want to say “Uncle.” The current class I’m wrestling with is titled “Creating Significant Learning Environments.”


This week, the task has been to create a BHAG – a Big, Hairy, Audacious Goal. I was not familiar with that term at all before this class. (Another thing I’m learning in this grad program is that here is apparently an endless list of Terms I Am Not Familiar With.) In a previous class I had to come up with a WIG – a Wildly Important Goal. The BHAG and the WIG are related, but a bit different. I’m not sure I’m able yet to articulate the precise ways that they differ, but I try to be patient about things being fuzzy before they come into focus. (I am an “All Shall Be Revealed in Time” kind of person, I guess, if there is such a thing. I tend to be okay with a state of not-knowing, as I know that there will come a time when things make sense to me. I have collected the dots, but not yet connected the dots, another point we have touched on in class this week. But I digress…)

If you know me at all, you know that my twin passions are Digital Literacy and Digital Citizenship. I am widening my perspective on my Innovation Plan from focusing only on student-created content to developing a course for teachers that will help them gain a better understanding of the importance of digital literacy and digital citizenship. I want better digital citizenship for the entire universe, so that kids have way better role models than what they often see now for how they should interact online. That goal seems perhaps the tiniest bit too grandiose. So, my ever-evolving BHAG for a course for the grown-ups is:

Learners will be equipped with tools to improve their own digital literacy and digital citizenship, and will create authentic opportunities for their students to develop positive digital habits.
So while students are working to create content that will help others in the community learn basic digital skills, the adults in the district will have an opportunity to take an online course that will help them to better understand the issues involved in integrating digital literacy and digital citizenship principles into their teaching. I’m thinking that could be a pretty powerful combination towards bringing about improved digital literacy & citizenship for everyone in our community. Also, because many teachers will likely have technology goals as part of their teacher evaluation system (T-TESS), this course could provide a natural support for some of those goals.

I learned about a 3-column table model for planning courses. The 3-column table uses Fink’s (2003) Taxonomy of Significant Learning to look at the interplay between different kinds of learning:


Once the Learning outcomes have been determined, then the other two columns (Learning Activities and Assessments) are filled in. As of today, my 3-column table for my Digital Literacy/Citizenship course looks like this:


Learning Goals Learning Activities Assessment Activities

Learners will identify and articulate why all teachers should incorporate digital literacy and digital citizenship instruction in their subject areas.
Learners will identify areas for personal improvement in understanding digital literacy & digital citizenship.

Complete an assessment tool such as
Use the student-created site CLICK (developing at for learning tech tips
Create an infographic or other product outlining 3-5 personal goals for improving digital literacy and/or digital citizenship.
Develop a rationale for why and how digital literacy and digital citizenship should be taught.

Learners will identify and assess different approaches to digital literacy and digital citizenship education, and will assess how the two concepts are related.

Analyze different approaches to digital citizenship education.
Explain the relationship between digital literacy and digital citizenship
Determine personal digital literacy/citizenship goals.
Create a plan for linking and teaching digital literacy and digital citizenship in the learner’s situation.

Learners will be able to identify, analyze and evaluate examples of digital literacy and digital citizenship, and will develop authentic engagement opportunities for their students.

Identify ways to weave digital literacy and digital citizenship into what is already happening in the classroom, without either seeming like an “add-on.” Discuss and critique a successful, authentic integration of digital citizenship into a lesson.
Human Dimension/Caring

Learners will evaluate the impact of good and poor digital citizenship on all community members.

Locate examples of negative/detrimental posts and reflect on the impact that this type of interaction has:

-on the writer of the post;

-on the recipient(s) of the post; and

-on digital culture.
Locate examples of positive interactions, beneficial social action, and/or constructive disagreements and reflect on the impact that this type of interaction has:

-on the writer/originator;

-on the recipients; and

-on digital culture

Reflective blog post on how good and/or poor digital citizenship has impacted self and others. Discuss ways of becoming a digital culture change agent.
Learning How to Learn

Learners will locate, evaluate and compile resources that will help them to identify current and future opportunities for digital literacy and digital citizenship instruction.
Learners will recognize opportunities for teachable moments in digital citizenship in everything they do.

Organize resources that you have identified as being especially helpful to you in increasing your understanding of ways to teach digital literacy and citizenship.

Reflect on your role in facilitating your students’ positive digital habits.

Share collected resources with others using a Symbaloo, LiveBinder,, or other digital curation tool.

My school district’s Initiatives for 2016 are:

  • Build, support and value an innovative, learning and mission-driven organizational culture
  • Close opportunity and achievement gaps through pervasive LEARNER focused support

My innovation plan of creating a web site of student-created content that teaches digital literacy skills helps to address these two initiatives when the learners are students. With this new BHAG for teachers, I have a way to impact organizational culture by supporting adult learners in the development of their digital literacy & digital citizenship. This is what being a digital culture change agent is all about!

Any thoughts on the need for digital literacy & digital citizenship instruction? You know I’d love to hear them!


Fink, L.D. (2003). A self-directed guide to designing courses for significant learning. Retrieved from

Today’s Learning Philosophy

Dear Teachers,

Some of you know that many (MANY!) years ago, I was an Early Childhood teacher. In teacher school, I of course studied various teaching and learning philosophies and theories. Those theories led me to believe, as a brand-new preschool teacher, that “children learn by doing,” and I always had active classrooms with centers-based learning that provided children the opportunity to play and explore. For example, if the children were learning about health, I set up a mini-hospital in the “home living” center, and gathered ace bandages, stethoscopes, needle-less syringes, etc. and let the kids have a great time. And they did have a great time! My students would probably still tell you, if they remembered me at all, that their preschool experience was a positive one, they felt great about coming to school, and they had terrific 4-year-old self-esteem. I was very young.

What’s missing there, you may have noticed, is that although I set up the environment for “a great experience,” I’m not sure I could honestly say that my students LEARNED all they could have. I went to college before there was such a huge emphasis on standards-based education (or maybe I was asleep the day they covered that), and I initially taught in private school situations where the word “rigor” just never came up. I’m happy to say that my teaching style and learning philosophy have both evolved quite a bit over the years. They both look a lot like George Couros’ (2016) illustration of learning:


I might have sampled a bit of Behaviorism in my early days of teaching, too, but that system of rewards and punishments went out the window when I had my own children (yet another Blog Post for Another Day). I am definitely NOT a behaviorist. This view was confirmed when I read Moore’s Three Views of Behaviorism (2013), but it was having kids that taught me something very profound that I was aware of at only a very superficial level pre-motherhood: People Are Different. I know: you’re shocked, right? Everyone learns, processes, responds, develops, reacts in hugely different (and sometimes completely unexpected) ways. And that’s for kids who grow up in the same family and originating from the same gene pool! Add to the mix a wide variety of human experiences, good and bad, and it seems there would be an infinite number of ways that people learn, and no one-size-fits-all philosophy about it. You have your kids who like to jump in and get their hands dirty (literally and metaphorically). You have your kids who like to sit back and watch for awhile as they get the lay of the land. You have the kids who can’t wait to get “on stage” to show off what they know, and those who would prefer to crawl into a hole and disappear if they are ever called on. You have those who like to learn in a group and those who prefer to work alone. Setting up an environment that optimizes learning for everyone is, obviously, quite a challenge! But here are a few things that I believe about learning today (remember, I’m still somewhere on that tangled-up piece of learning yarn):

“The person doing the work is the person doing the learning.” One of my fabulous co-workers says this frequently. When my team and I plan our annual multi-day Ed Tech Success Initiative (ETSI) training, we frequently go back to this statement to make sure that we facilitate meaningful experiences for the participants. We expect the teachers to fully engage, to write about what they’re learning, to converse about what they’re learning, to experiment with technology, and to get uncomfortable with their previous understanding about what good technology integration looks like and how it can impact their students. Even for shorter training sessions on various topics, we would never try to teach without teachers having the tools in front of them to play with. I can’t imagine trying to teach, say, a class on Google Docs without teachers having the freedom to explore things on their own. I often admonish teachers, especially the tech timid ones, to “be fearless clickers.” For many things in life, but ESPECIALLY for anything technology-related, I know from my own experience that clicking the wrong thing and making a huge mistake is the way I have learned just about everything. There’s nothing you can do that can’t be undone, I tell people, and no, you won’t break Microsoft or the Internet if you click on the wrong thing. You might, however, learn what you should have done instead, and discovering that on your own by doing the wrong thing will make you remember it better than anything I would ever tell you about it. So maybe it’s also true that “the person making the mistakes is the person doing the learning.”
Learning is a social endeavor. If I am looking at a task, I can usually figure out an approach and a solution on my own. But if I am struggling with a concept, I need to hash out my understanding by talking about it with others. When my team plans professional learning or works to get a better understanding of how we can support the curriculum, the combination of our thoughts and ideas is always better than anything I could have come up with on my own. When we work together, it’s the very definition of synergy, and one of the best things about working with a team (especially the one I’m on. They are beyond amazing).
Screenshot 2016-09-03 at 7.54.22 AM “define synergy”
It has been so exciting, time after time, for each of us to start with our individual ideas about how to approach something, and then to come up collectively with a product that none of us would have reached on our own. You have probably seen this in your students, too, if you are the kind of teacher who facilitates group work (and I hope you are). As a teacher, I know I need to set up lots of opportunities for this kind of social learning; as a learner myself, I have experienced repeatedly how much more powerful it is when I learn in concert with others.

Deeper learning occurs when learners have opportunities for reflection. If I attend a conference, I always try to write some reflections about the sessions that I go to, because I know with the sheer quantity of information I’m trying to take in, I likely won’t remember that “aha moment” without writing it down and reflecting on what I learned, what I hope to do differently as a result, how I could incorporate that new idea into my situation, who I should share the learning with, etc. A few years ago I had the good fortune to become acquainted with Learning Forward, the professional learning organization that has standards for teacher professional learning. My understanding of adult learning improved significantly from my exposure to that organization, and I try to incorporate many of the kinds of activities that they espouse in order to make learning stick for teachers. “Chunk and chew” is one method: break up the learning into smaller bites, learn a little bit, then talk with a neighbor, write something, do an activity, or SOMETHING to help you process that new learning. The professional learning experiences that I plan have significantly improved since becoming “Learning-Forward-ized” – I am much less committed to cramming everything I possibly can into a one-hour session and more focused on providing meaningful learning experiences and reflection time. Do I sometimes forget and go back to “Oh wait! Let me just tell you one more thing!”? Yes, probably; but I am steadily making my own progress toward focusing on the learners and giving them more time to process and reflect on what they’ve experienced and learned. Reflection can also take the form of teaching others what one has learned.

Learning should involve choice, ownership, voice, and authenticity. This “COVA” model is used in my graduate program, and frankly, I love it. Within certain parameters, I have freedom of choice in how to complete my assignments. I feel complete ownership of the process of my own learning, and I have been given the freedom to use my voice in the way I see fit (for example, the letter-writing style that I have developed in this blog). Finally, the assignments all seem very authentic to me; everything in my program is designed to help me launch my innovation plan (more on that below). Kids, too, need these four elements. I see evidence of student voice and choice in some classrooms when they have “show what you know” assignments, but unfortunately “show what you know” often only comes in the form of an assessment. Students need to feel ownership of and investment in their learning. Finally, the learning needs to be authentic! There’s nothing worse than a fake assignment, and I bet you can all tell what those are. “Fake Reading,” for example, involves those awful online “reading improvement” programs; there is NOTHING about those programs that remotely resembles how real people actually read. Students need to be spending their time on creating real content that makes a difference to others (and to reading real books… also a whole other blog post). Learners can’t be kept from learning when it’s something they are truly, authentically interested in – and will be presenting to an authentic audience.

Teaching and learning is a partnership that is based on relationships. I would not go so far as to say that NO learning ever takes place in a classroom without relationships, but I firmly believe that students who have good relationships with their teachers learn better. Relationships are built on trust, mutual respect, and a basic sense of affection for one another; if I’m not sure that my teacher basically likes me (or at the very least, likes teaching), I’m always going to be a bit unsure of myself when I venture forth with the answer to a question or turn in an assignment. As a learner, I want to know that my teacher has my best interests at heart and is going to respond to me with high standards, kindness, and encouragement, rather than with apathy or even punishment. Students need to trust their teacher that making mistakes is okay, and when they have confidence that their teacher likes and is pulling for them, they will likely be bigger risk takers. I’ve already said that my best learning has come through mistakes; I need to communicate that – even celebrate it – with my learners. I need to show off my mistakes when I make them and model how to respond when something comes along that is unexpected, or that I just flat don’t know. I need to model how to respond when technology is a great big FAIL (in my line of work, I get that opportunity a LOT). 😉

In this information age, no one can know everything. I am just as likely to learn something from someone in the classes I’m taking as I am in the classes I’m teaching. I say frequently that one of the reasons I love my job is because I literally do learn something new every day. I learn from my colleagues and classmates, sure – but I also learn from my children and grandchildren. It seems they are always coming up with a trick or website or app that I need to try. Which kind of brings me around to my Innovation Plan.

I have this big dream of creating a website of student-created content that will help students (and others in the community) with basic digital literacy skills that they might not be learning in other avenues. My Innovation Plan, “Improving Digital Literacy through Student-Created Content” or “ILDTSCC” is just too big a mouthful, so my new-and-improved project title is CLICK (short for Collaborate – Learn – Instruct – Create – Know). From 18 syllables down to just one! As I think about how my learning philosophy relates to my plan to take over the world for improving digital literacy, I need to consider both MY role with the teachers who have committed to this project, as well as THEIR role with the students who will participate.

In CLICK, students will…
…do the “work” of learning by creating content. They’ll have to decide on a topic, with the help of their teacher or librarian, and consider which tool would be the best for conveying their information. I can facilitate this process by allowing their teachers (my “committed sardines“) flexibility in how they approach the task with their students. I recognize that content production can and will look very different in different situations, and it’s likely that the different teachers involved in the program will have very different ways of facilitating the content creation. The teachers and librarians most interested in the program, of course, are the ones who are probably already comfortable turning control of the learning to their students. I need to be sure to convey to the adults that I really don’t have a lot of preconceived notions of what the student’s content will look like, and there aren’t really any wrong answers. I will learn as I go along, I’m sure, what information the adults will need in order to feel successful in their efforts. The main thing about doing the “work” of the content creation is that the kids will learn and own that concept much better themselves: it’s the magic of learning by teaching!

…participate in a social learning endeavor, have opportunities to receive and give feedback, and reflect on their learning. When the first students are first creating their first projects, it might not seem quite so social, although there certainly could be some cooperative content creation going on. The power of the project will be in seeing who uses that content as the website develops. My hope is that high school kids will have a committee that reviews and curates the content, and that ultimately there will be some kind of social component to the website. Students, for example, would be able to leave a positive comment (“This tip helped me with an assignment” or “I never knew how to do that before!”) or a thumbs-up. So along with learning about creating digital content and learning digital literacy skills, they will also be learning about how to behave appropriately in an online community. As content develops, new ideas for content will likely emerge based on what has been produced already. Because the site will potentially be accessed by all members of the student community and beyond, the learning will be both multicultural and multi-generational. How cool is that?!

…use the COVA model to create content that will help others. CLICK is all about student voice and choice, student ownership of the work, and having an authentic purpose and audience. Teachers involved in the program also have choice and voice in how they want to approach the content creation with their students. I’m optimistic that there will be a LOT of learning going on as students are given the encouragement and freedom to create content that will make a difference not only to their peers, but also to parents, grandparents, and even teachers.

…develop relationships with not only their teacher, but with other students who are involved in the project. I envision opportunities for older students (eventually) to mentor younger students in their content creation, and for the students involved to receive special recognition for being part of the “creator community.” In my biggest dream for the website, students from across the state, nation, and world will also make contributions, so participants will embrace their role as local, global, and digital citizens. It’s these relationships that will likely help students feel connected to the program long after they submit their last piece of content.

I guess all of this lands me squarely in the cognitive-constructivist camp of learning theory. I’m not a radical constructivist as described by McCoughlin (2014); for example, his assertion that “in non-RC teaching, teachers continue to pretend to know everything” is really over-reaching. The basic characteristics of a classroom based on cognitive theories as described by Yilmaz (2011) really resonated with me: an emphasis on the active involvement of the learner in the learning process and creating an environment that encourages students to make connections with previously learned material are two examples.  I also agree with Bates’ (2014) assertion that the social context of learning is critical, which is a constructivist tenet. I believe that students build knowledge through active participation with their environment, and that they construct meaning through authentic interactions and problem-solving.  that Education and Education Theory are iterative processes, always being improved upon and modified in the hope of helping learners. I hope I am iterating – slowly, painfully at times – toward better teaching myself so that others can be more successful learners.

Hope you’ve had a good couple of weeks of school. I look forward to hearing from you soon!



P.S. My reference list is here.

Thoughts on A New Culture of Learning

I’m an Instructional Technology Specialist in my district. It’s a district-level Admin position, so I have the good fortune to see teachers of all kinds from pre-K through 12th grade. Ten years ago when I first started in my position, we had very specific training plans for our very specific technology tools, and teachers were only “allowed” to use a tech tool of any kind if they had first attended one of our very structured training sessions. Thankfully, those days are over. The culture of learning has shifted to an expectation that when you see a new piece of software, you will click around on your own until you discover how it works. We assist when asked, of course, but unexpected updates on Facebook and other social media tools have instilled in people more of an attitude of “Hmm… that’s different. Let me figure this out.”

My absolute favorite thing about my job is still getting to teach classes on a variety of technology-related topics, but thankfully we have a lot more flexibility now in what that looks like. Now when I offer classes in the computer lab at the Administration Building or other central location, the classes are based either on a topic I’ve had a lot of requests for or just something that I learned about that I think would make an interesting class. There’s not a lot of room for participants’ independent exploration in an hour-long, one-shot class. I try to build in time for the teacher-learners to talk to each other and to have some kind of reflection time at the end, because I know that is a big part of what makes learning “stick” for adult learners, but it never feels like quite enough. Maybe that kind of teaching is ok when teachers come to a specific location with the specific goal of learning about a specific assistive technology device or Google add-on. But it’s just that: ok. Not horrible, but not the best.

My favorite way to teach, though, is when I visit on teachers during their grade-level planning periods to help them learn more about a topic that they have selected. In this best-case-scenario type of learning, I’ve given the teachers some teasers about different tech tools (websites or apps) ahead of time. I ask them to complete a Google form with the tool they want to learn about AND a lesson or topic that’s coming up in their curriculum. Then when I arrive at their planning time, I can give them a quick overview of what their chosen tech tool does & how it works, with a few examples of how it might work in the particular lesson they selected. In most cases, teachers really take the ball and run with it at that point, after they’ve gotten the gist of how the tool could be used. When they start ignoring me and talking to each other about, “You know where else this would be good? That landforms unit we’ll be doing next month” I know they’ve started to own that learning. That is like a home run for me, and is a tiny glimpse into the way “the new culture of learning” that Thomas and Brown (2011) describe can look in education.

There will always be pockets of teachers who *want* to support the ideals of this new culture of learning, and I think it can happen – but not necessarily easily. It’s so difficult to create in a classroom the conditions for the organic kind of learning that Thomas and Brown describe. The main problem is TIME and the number of demands that teachers have to keep up with – IEPs to document, parent phone calls to return, lesson planning to be done or sub plans to prepare, and every time they turn around, another assessment to be administered. All of those can suck the joy right out of teaching. Playfulness, a maker mindset, innovation, and inquiry are often missing from our classrooms.

If I want to encourage teachers to create a more playful and inquiry-based type environment for their students, then I have to find ways to model by bringing those principles into the teaching that I do. As much as possible, I need to provide to teachers the same kinds of authentic, inquiry-based, and playful experiences that I hope that they in turn provide to their students. The biggest challenge I face is also time; since I rarely have more than an hour with any given group of teachers, I feel the same time constraints that they feel! I have learned to be okay with giving them less information and more time to explore and learn on their own – but I always leave wishing I’d had just a little more time to cover something else.

Calling attention to the new culture of learning, or pointing it out when I see even a small example of it happening in a classroom, is another way to get others to think about that kind of culture and the possibilities that it affords students. Additionally, one of our district goals for the year is to “close opportunity and achievement gaps through pervasive learner-focused support.”  Capitalizing on this district goal will be crucial in bringing a level of credibility to any suggestions for teachers to change their “standard operating procedures.”

My current innovation/passion project involves enabling students to create content that will help others learn skills of digital literacy.  I read in the book that

The new culture of learning is based on three principles: (1) The old ways of learning are unable to keep up with our rapidly changing world. (2) New media forms are making peer-to-peer learning easier and more natural. (3) Peer-to-peer learning is amplified by emerging technologies that shape the collective nature of participation with those new media (location 577).”

I was gratified to see the parallels between my innovation idea and these three principles; peer-to-peer teaching and learning is exactly what my project seeks to accomplish. Traditional methods don’t seem to be ensuring that students are learning digital skills alongside all the content they have to master. Using available technology to create a platform for students to learn from each other seems to be exactly what the new culture of learning is all about!

Thomas and Brown assert that “every answer serves as a starting point, not an end point. It invites us to ask more and better questions (location 1095).” When curriculum specialists, technology integration coordinators, and professional development directors all begin modeling this philosophy – asking more and better questions rather than supplying teachers with ready-made answers – then things might begin to change in the classroom, too. I am one piece in that puzzle, and consider myself very lucky to work alongside other district leaders who are aware that a culture shift needs to take place. In a large organization, that’s so much easier said than done. 

Thomas, D., and Brown, J.S. (2011). [Kindle version]. A new culture of learning. CreateSpace Independent Publishing.

Crucial Conversations about Digital Literacy

Dear Teachers,

At last I am coming to the end of my current grad course. It’s been something of a brutal five weeks, with coursework that has been challenging to me in addition to my personal whirlwind of professional learning delivery, including multiple Google-related classes, three sessions at the Summer Elementary Academy, training, a week of ETSI, New Teacher training, and many campus visits. Whew!

I’ve read several books for this class. My second-favorite, Influencer, was all about the Psychology of Change, and the six sources of Influence necessary to effect real & lasting change in an organization. My Influencer Strategy report is here. My favorite-favorite was the one I just finished, Crucial Conversations: Tools for Talking When Stakes Are High. I had heard the title of this book mentioned in passing from several people in my district, and I’m so glad that my class gave me the push to read it. The book provides fabulous advice for holding all kinds of conversations in different arenas of life. The seven principles of Coaching for Crucial Conversations from the book (2011, p 215-216) should be extremely useful for me in my current plot to take over the world project to improve students’ digital literacy (Improving Digital Literacy Through Student-Created Content=IDLTSCC for short). Each of the seven principles has an accompanying skill or skills, and the crucial questions that one should return to when applying each principle.

Principle 1: Start with heart. At the beginning of my current class, we created a compelling Why Statement, and I see that my plan keeps circling back to that why. I appreciate having had to articulate that why statement, because if I lose sight of the reason I’m committed to my project, it won’t have much chance of succeeding. My why is this: Digital literacy is not only a crucial component of a student’s success as a lifelong learner, it is also, according to Angela Maiers (2016), a human right. Don’t miss that part about the human right: students without digital literacy skills will not be able to be full participants in society. Maiers continues, “Students’ lack of mentors and role models for how to behave in the digital arena puts them at risk personally, and impinges their ability to create a permanent digital record of their character and potential to be taken seriously in the world. More importantly, it puts their freedoms on the line.” That’s a pretty compelling reason to recommit to my own plan.

I want better digital literacy and digital citizenship for all God’s children, but I would settle for starting in my little corner of the world. I want students not only to learn digital literacy skills from each other, I want those content creators to recognize the enormous power for good they have by making positive contributions to digital society. I want them to understand that their online actions impact other people – and that they should want to impact other people positively. This project is my tiny antidote – or at least an inoculation – to the negativity that one sees in the online world sometimes. Don’t think that negativity can change? I beg to differ! Nobody thought 30 or 40 years ago that smoking would be banned in public places, and look where we are on that one. You and your students can become digital culture change agents starting today!

Principle 2: Learn to Look. Being a keen observer of both the content of people’s conversations and the conditions – how people are reacting to the content – provides opportunities to open up dialog about the process of the whole IDLTSCC plan. I will need to be aware of body language, people (including me) becoming too quiet or getting loud or insistent, and the general climate of a gathering whenever we meet to discuss the project.

A “crucial” conversation has high stakes, strong emotions, and differing opinions (p.3). It would be a mistake on my part to think that my idea is so non-controversial that no one would ever have a dissenting opinion about it! I need to be sensitive to others’ opinions, suggestions, and uncertainties about the plan, and to be aware when people might not feel it’s safe to challenge me. In general, I try to be very open to others’ ideas, and if any of you who are reading this ever sense that I’m being defensive or not listening to suggestions, I hope you’ll pipe up! There was one quote from the book that I particularly loved: “The pool of shared meaning is the birthplace of synergy (p. 25).” To me, that means when we all get our ideas out on the table and feel heard, that’s when the magic of collaboration really starts to happen – and there is nothing better than that! I did discover that my Style Under Stress might include using too much humor to deflect tension at times; that is something that I am aware of and am actively going to try to get under control. It’s hard to break a lifelong habit, but I’m determined to try!

Principle 3: Make it Safe. People need to feel as though it is safe to offer criticism, voice concerns, or even just ask a question. I like to think that I listen and am approachable, but I need to be open to the possibility that other people don’t always share that opinion. “Making things safe” does NOT mean watering things down a message to the point where nothing gets accomplished; it means that both parties’ mutual purposes have been acknowledged. All parties must assume positive intent. That’s so hard, especially if there has ever been a pattern of perceived negative intent. Here’s a little trick I try to remember. Whenever I get an email from someone who rubs me the wrong way (it’s never from YOU), I walk away and come back to it later. When I open it and read it a second time, I imagine that it is from one of my best friends. Nine times out of ten, the content is much more benign than I might have thought on the first read-through. Assuming positive intent helps everyone to feel safe in the conversation and can lead to much more productive outcomes.

A commitment to mutual purpose creates a feeling of safety, and the acronym CRIB will be useful in establishing that mutual purpose. It stands for Commit to seek mutual purpose; Recognize the purpose behind the strategy; Invent a mutual purpose; and Brainstorm new strategies. In this particular instance, the mutual purpose is allowing and enabling kids to create content about digital skills they possess in a way that teaches others those skills. Hopefully all participating teachers and librarians will already recognize that mutual purpose. If we need to invent another mutual purpose, I also hope that all those involved will be open to brainstorming new ideas and strategies for making the program successful. I commit to being respectful of new ideas and approaches, and to fostering a climate that allows a free exchange of ideas among the participating educators.

Principle 4: Master my stories. Stories are our interpretations of facts, and when dealing with other people we often make assumptions because we don’t have all the facts. I thought the most interesting “crucial question” to ask myself during the process is “What am I pretending not to know about my role in the problem?” – wow, what a lot of insight answering that question requires! My role in problems (the thing I might “pretend not to know”) will most likely be in the area of communication. I’ve gone over and over my plan and goals so many times that I could tell the story in my sleep, but that doesn’t mean anyone else has spent as much time on it! I may take for granted how clear the plan is to others. Even those educators who have read my blogs and other updates about the project likely don’t have nearly as clear an understanding about it as I might believe they do. So telling my story clearly, with no victims, no villains, and no helplessness, will be something I’ll need to watch myself for. Conversely, I’ll need to monitor the stories I tell myself about what other people are doing (or not doing). It’s tempting to attribute certain behaviors to an assumption (i.e. a story), but there are usually many other options for why someone is doing something than the story I might choose to believe. Assuming positive intent can help to frame a story/assumption in a positive way.

Principle 5: STATE my path encourages us to speak persuasively, not abrasively. STATE is an acronym for Share your facts, Tell your story, Ask for others’ paths, Talk tentatively, Encourage testing. This principle allows people to be both totally honest AND completely respectful (avoiding a “Fool’s Choice” of being one or the other). The three ingredients are confidence, humility, and skill – and I’m not sure I have enough of any of those at times for a hard conversation! Confidence and humility can actually be good friends, assuming the confidence does not lead to OVERconfidence and arrogance. I like to think I will be confident enough to have an opinion on how to proceed, but still humble enough to recognize that others may have very valid suggestions for improvements or other directions the program might take. We have wonderful teachers in our district; I would be a fool not to be open to other viewpoints! Talking tentatively does not mean to water down what I’m saying, but rather to avoid being dogmatic. It means giving the other person the benefit of the doubt, and allowing others to see that although I’m confident about my plan, I certainly don’t know everything.

Principle 6: Explore Others’ Paths. No idea I ever have on my own will be as good as an idea that has iterated through a group of smart, committed individuals. I’ll need to continue to ask for others’ input and suggestions on making the IDLTSCC program much better than it would be if I were on my own. This is a time for genuine curiosity about what others are thinking, especially if anyone seems to be moving toward Silence or Violence. It’s all about being open and actively seeking the opinions and suggestions of others. It’s exciting to think about that happening, because the more people feel a shared ownership of the plan, the better chance it has of becoming part of the district culture and continuing long after individuals have moved on.

Principle 7: Move to Action. After all the discussing (and hopefully very little cussing!) it will be time to take action. Principle 7 of Crucial Conversations reminds me very much of the 4th Discipline of Execution: “create a cadence of accountability.” This is the step where people make an account of what they have done so far and make commitments about what they will do next. “Who will do what by when” is the way Crucial Conversations puts it: specific, defined steps will help everyone to understand what they should concentrate on next.  Teachers committed to the IDLTSCC program will commit in weekly meetings to the content that they will have their students produce over the next week.

Another component of the plan that I hope to create is a student review panel made up of some of the older students. This panel will decide how to categorize and tag the submitted content, whether the video is of sufficient quality to be added to the collection, whether it is redundant, etc. It will give older students some experience in managing a rollout and will allow them to mentor younger students. The younger students should enjoy getting feedback from “the big kids.”

As the school year begins, dear teachers, I am excited to see the direction that my – now OUR – project leads us and our students. I wish you all an excellent start to your year. Happy creating, everyone – I’ll be in touch soon!



Maiers, A. & Moran, N. (2016, April). Digital literacy is about power and privilege. Retrieved from

Patterson, K,, Grenny, J., McMillan, R., & Switzler, A. (2011). Crucial conversations: Tools for talking when stakes are high. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Continuing Progress on that 50,000 Foot Plan

Dear Teachers,

My current class on Disruptive Innovation in Education is coming to an end, and to steal a meme from one of my co-workers, I have felt

for much of the class. For one thing, I am in general not a particularly disruptive person; for the most part I follow the rules and try to be a team player. Although, sit across from me in a meeting at your own peril, as I am known to be a bit of an eye-roller if things linger on unproductive matters too long. (But that is a blog post for another day.)
But throughout the course of this course, I’ve learned that “disruptive” in the sense it’s being used in the class along with the word “innovation” means not so much being obnoxious or loud or ill-mannered, but instead “describes a process by which a product or service takes root initially in simple applications at the bottom of a market and then relentlessly moves up market, every displacing established” processes [source]. I am hoping that my idea for a new way to teach digital literacy skills to students will become one of those processes that moves “relentlessly up market.”
Because teachers are already so overwhelmed with curricular content – not to mention the alphabet soup of AUGs, IEPs, ELPs, UDL, UbD, TEKs, CIPA, FERPA, COPPA, and on and on – I want students to create and deliver the digital literacy curriculum. So in my plan, those students who have a good grasp of, say, formatting a document, using shortcut keys, or paraphrasing information found online, to name a few, will create short videos or other presentations that will share that knowledge with their peers. And students who don’t know the digital “tricks of the trade” will get a way to learn those skills from other students. Some teachers might also learn skills from these presentations! This plan constitutes a “disruptive innovation” because although it will require some involvement on the part of teachers to communicate the plan and offer suggestions to the students on getting started, essentially the students will be in charge of the teaching and learning. Teachers will be almost entirely removed from the equation altogether.
I first posted about my 50,000 foot plan on June 4, right at one month ago. I got some very affirming feedback on that blog post, some from teacher/librarian friends who are part of my Twitter PLN, and several from teachers and curriculum coordinators within my district. At present, I have the strong support of at least three people in Curriculum, three principals, one high school teacher, one elementary teacher, and several librarians in the district where I work. The high school teacher and I have plans to meet with a student the week of July 11 to start laying the groundwork for student involvement and ownership. Click the graphic below to see an outline of how things will continue to roll out over the course of the upcoming school year.
A big question that I hope to get some feedback on is: when, where, and how will students create the content for the project? At this point, I’m imagining that the creating will take place mostly after school, in the library, and/or at home, although I’m still optimistic that at least some teachers and librarians would find value (and therefore time) for the content creation to happen during the school day. And I remain committed to the idea that ALL kids will be invited and encouraged to become active participants in the creation of the content.
In my literature review, I discovered much support for the necessity of digital literacy education and for the value of student-created content. This past week, I attended the annual ISTE conference, where I heard over and over again about the importance and value of including students in educational decision-making.  I am more committed than ever to ensuring that students are deeply involved in the planning and execution of a digital literacy program. If you’re on Twitter, be sure to check out the #stuvoice conversation about student involvement in a wide variety of educational endeavors. One additional insight I discovered while at ISTE was that my vision is probably much too SMALL, and that I need to be open to expanding the whole plan.
Here is the commercial I came up with to gain support for my idea.

For the class, I also had to compile a list of possible resources to consider for the future; that list is developing here.

So, dear teachers, will you join this journey with me? If you are in my district, I’d love for you to fill out this form and let me know you’re interested in participating!